Despite their small size, mosquitoes are the most dangerous pests in the world causing about 1 million deaths each year. The reason why mosquitoes are so dangerous is their ability to transmit a number of serious diseases including Dengue fever, West Nile virus, Yellow fever; and more recently the Zika virus. But the most dangerous of all is Malaria contributing the majority of mosquito related fatalities in the world.
Other than spreading diseases, mosquitoes also bite painfully as they feed on your blood (causing irritating rashes) and will cause you sleepless nights as they fly around noisily. All these factors make them very annoying pests to have around.
Before we get to the prevention and control methods for mosquitoes, here are some interesting mosquito facts to give you some background knowledge. Pestrol provides:
- Not all mosquitoes feed on blood. It is not all mosquito species that feed on blood (mosquitoes typically feed on plant juices and nectar), and in those that do, it’s only females that have mouthparts adapted for piercing animal The females require a blood meal to acquire nutrients for egg production.
- Mosquitoes require water to reproduce. Water is important for mosquito reproduction as their eggs need to be laid in it.
- It’s the wings that produce the sharp noise. Just like the wings of bees and flies produce their distinctive buzz as they fly, it’s the wings of mosquitoes that produce their sharp “buzz”.
- Mosquitoes have feeding preferences. Bloodsucking mosquitoes are most attracted to people with type “O” blood, those with lots of skin bacteria, pregnant women, heavy breathers, and people who produce lots of body heat.
There are a couple of things you can do to prevent mosquitoes from coming into your home. These include:
- Draining stagnant water in and around your property. As previously stated, mosquitoes need water to lay their eggs in. Draining pools of water and disposing containers that can hold water properly will ensure mosquitoes have no water to lay eggs in.
- Clear grass and bushes. Because mosquitoes usually feed on plant sap and nectar, letting vegetation overgrow in and around your property provides mosquitoes with both food and shelter. Maw your lawn regularly and keep bushes trimmed around your home to keep mosquitoes away.
- Keep unscreened doors and windows shut at night. Mosquitoes are most active during the night. Keeping windows and doors that are not screened for mosquitoes closed at this time will ensure they don’t get into your house.
If mosquitoes are still a nuisance even after taking the above measures, use one of these control methods to get rid of them.
- Mosquito traps are effective both indoors and outdoors. They use carbon dioxide and heat to attract mosquitoes close enough for them to be sucked into a secure chamber by a powerful fan. The chamber is usually easy to empty in most of these traps enabling you to reuse them many times.
- Like many other insects, mosquitoes are also susceptible to insecticides, so a good one will help you control those inside your house. You can use an automatic dispenser to apply the insecticide as this will eliminate the hassle of spraying manually.
- Screen doors, windows, and vents. Windows, doors, and vents should be screened for mosquitoes to prevent mosquito entry.